Current Situation of Chinese Higher Education
Prospects of Overseas Study
is a populous developing country. Its existing higher education, especially
degree education, is quite insufficient to people who are at the right age for
higher education. Chinese higher education is far from meeting people¡¯s desire
for education and this is a large problem considering higher education is such
an important means of improving people¡¯s overall quality of life and helping
them realize their potential. Along with social and economic development and
increasing competition after China¡¯s entry into the WTO, China now urgently
needs educated individuals to lead the way in various fields.
resources, and universities unable to keep up with student demand, creates a
restrictive environment in terms of the development of China¡¯s science and
technology industry and the improvement of Chinese people¡¯s quality of life.
The liberalization of the Chinese economy led to a serious shortage of
well-educated and trained workers and managers that an already stretched
national education system could not provide. This rapid development of the
Chinese economy demands a high standard of higher education, which has resulted
in a fast growth of the supplement to higher education.
the other hand, Chinese economic system has been developing in diverse
directions since its reforming and open-up policy. Many kinds of economic models
have gradually come into being and changed the former situation of only
state-owned and collectively-run enterprises. Some economic developments such as
joint venture companies, sole ownership companies, and joint stock companies
provided more Chinese people with opportunities to develop.
Thus, some people who had foresight about the changing economic situation
become wealthy, creating a class of society with rising disposable incomes and
high savings rates. Many of these
new Chinese families were financially able to send their children abroad to be
educated. This reforming and
open-up policy gradually gave Chinese people more knowledge about foreign
countries and their products, leading to a greater understanding and acceptance
of foreign cultures and education, etc. Therefore, some of them, who want to
experience foreign cultures and international education - and have enough money
to do so - go abroad and receive western higher education. Canada and China have historically had a close relationship
and many students view Canada as a welcoming country with high quality education
and thus choose it as their destination. The
United States, Britain, Australia, and New Zealand are other possibilities of
course, but we will limit our focus to Canada for the time being,
sum up, the prerequisites for a vast overseas study market are the combination
of insufficient higher education resources in China and an increase in Chinese
families who are able to pay for their children to study overseas. Another related factor is the growing perception that an
international degree often ensures young professionals significant advantages
when they return to China¡¯s increasingly competitive marketplace.
All of these have laid a solid foundation for the overseas study market
which is currently booming in three dominant areas: intermediate agencies,
preparatory programs, and cooperative education programs.
Canadian National Education Exchange Centre Inc., 2006